Mogul skiing is a freestyle skiing competition consisting of one timed run of free skiing on a steep, heavily moguled course, stressing technical turns, aerial maneuvers and speed.
Mogul courses are between 200 and 270 metres with an average slope grade of 26-30 degrees. The moguls themselves are set approximately 3.5 – 4 metres apart. The course includes two jumps which are used as a take-off for aerial maneuvers (they jump 10-15 meters long jumps). Athletes can perform upright or inverted tricks off these jumps in the course of a competition run.
Dual Mogul competition consists of elimination rounds where pairs of competitors compete against each other. Each loser is eliminated and each winner advances to the next round until a final result is achieved.
Turns count for 60% of the score.
This is a technical evaluation by judges, includes the rhythmic changes in direction of travel to either side of the fall line (the shortest line from start to finish), using an aggressive, controlled technique. Carve turns. The skier should not skid or plough. The head should remain still, facing downhill. The chest should also stay straight and natural. Hands stay in front of the body in a natural position. Pole plants should be light and well-timed.
Air (jumps) counts for 20% of the score.
Air is scored in two parts: form and difficulty. Jumps include flips, loops, rotations, (360,720, 1080), backfull and double back full, D-spin 720, 1080, Cork, and upright jumps.
Speed counts for 20% of the score.
The Pace Speed for the moguls is 8.2 m/s for ladies and 9.7 m/s for men.
The first competition involving mogul skiing occurred in 1971. The International Ski Federation created the Freestyle World Cup Circuit in 1980.
The first World Championships were held in 1986, and are currently held in odd-numbered years. It was a demonstration sport in freestyle skiing at the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary. It has been a medal event in the Winter Olympics since 1992.
Walters gold medal in the Beijing 2022 Olympics was the first swedish gold medal ever in a Mogul Skiing event in any Olympics.